As there is a rising trend of tattoos, so is the need for tattoo removal techniques. In early times there were natural methods that were used as tattoo removal techniques which are applying garlic, lime, wine, etc. The techniques are evolving day by day due to advancements in technologies, skill enhancements of practitioners and preferences, and lifestyle of people changing each passing day.
Methods of tattoo removal:
Various modern tattoo removal techniques are adopted by the practitioners, these may be
Intense pulsed light and
which includes various innovative technologies that are evolving day by days such as picosecond technology and nanosecond technology.
Dermabrasion involves applying a chemical peel so that it removes the top few layers of the skin tissue, which often result in scars, therefore, it is a less adopted method of tattoo removal. Most people don’t prefer this method because it damages the skin.
Another method is salabrasion, which involves soaking the tattoo into the salt solution, sometimes it may be combined with dermabrasion, but it only works for superficial tattoos, after multiple treatments it only leads to some fading.
Camouflaging is injecting new pigments to form a new pattern or covering the tattoo with skin color pigments, the disadvantage with this method is that the pigment does not look natural, thus it’s not so preferable if anyone wants to completely remove the tattoo.
Intense pulsed light technique:
In intense pulsed light technique, a strong light source is focused on the area on which a person wants to remove the tattoo. This technique is somewhat similar to the laser technique but the difference lies in the light source used.
People prefer different tattoo removal techniques based on their requirements, convenience, faster, or highly effective methods, some don’t prefer surgical methods so they use dermabrasion, laser, etc.
There is an ongoing debate on which laser technology is the best, which are picosecond laser technology or nanosecond technology lasers.
Picosecond laser technology of tattoo removal:
In picosecond lasers, pressure wave technology is used on the target area to break down the ink into smaller particles that are flushed out of the body. This concept of tattoo removal was first proposed by V. Ross. The picosecond laser technology has wavelengths which include 1064nm for removal of tattoos on the dark skin, 755nm for removal of green and blue tattoos, and 532nm for red, yellow, and orange tattoos. It delivers around 300-750ps high energy in trillionths of one second. It is found by various dermatologists and researchers that this tattoo removal technique gives 75% to 100% effectiveness.
Nanosecond laser technology of tattoo removal:
The other technique is nanosecond laser technology which is considered as a gold standard for hair removal technique for decades, and now it is also used for tattoo removal. This technology uses photothermal action targeting the pigment using heat. Q-switched laser technology is also preferred for tattoo removal. The wavelength used is up to 1064nm and its pulse energy reaching 1000µJ. In the cosmetic laser industry, nanosecond tattoo removal technique is widely accepted and the laser is considered as the best option of tattoo removal besides that, picosecond laser technology is not proven to be the safest method of tattoo removal. So far, laser technology is the most widely accepted and practised technique of tattoo removal across the world due to the various advantages it offers to the customer who is visiting the specialist clinic.
Which is the best technique of tattoo removal:
The laser technique is considered very safe due to its non-surgical nature. Its advantages include no scarring of the skin, in contrast to methods that severely damages the skin and “sanding” it. Also, it is very effective in fading and removal of tattoos up to 75% to 100% leaving the skin clear and smooth. It can also remove specific or entire tattoos depending upon the requirement of the customer. It is considered as safest because of minimal risks of infection and also less pain during the treatment process.